King Xerxes rewarded Haman. Haman was from the family of Agag and his father was Hammedatha.

Chapter 3 v1 Some time later, King Xerxes rewarded Haman. Haman was from the family of Agag and his father was Hammedatha. The king gave more authority to Haman than to any of the other important people. Verse 1 In Chapter 2, we learned that Mordecai saved the king’s life. In Chapter 6, we shall read that the king did not reward Mordecai until much later. Chapter 3 starts with the news that King Xerxes rewarded Haman. The king made Haman very important. We do not know why the king…

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Ahithophel and Hushai advise Absalom

Chapter 17 Ahithophel and Hushai advise Absalom v1 Then Ahithophel said to Absalom, ‘Let me choose 12 000 men. I will go and chase David tonight. v2 I will attack him when he is tired and weak. I will frighten him. All the people who are with him will run away. I will kill only the king. v3 Then I will bring all his people back to you. When David is dead, everyone will return to you. Everyone will be safe.’ v4 Absalom and all the leaders in *Israel thought…

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Nathan’s message to David

Chapter 12 Nathan’s message to David v1 The *Lord sent Nathan to David. Nathan went to David and he said, ‘Two men lived in a city. One man was rich. The other man was poor. v2 The rich man had many sheep and cows. v3 But the poor man had only one young sheep, which was female. He had bought it and he looked after it. The little sheep grew up with the man and his children. It ate the same food as the man. It drank from his cup.…

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David and Mephibosheth

Chapter 9 David and Mephibosheth v1 One day David asked, ‘Is anyone from Saul’s family still alive? If so, I want to be kind to that person because of the promise that I made to Jonathan.’ v2 Now Saul’s family had a servant called Ziba. David’s officials called Ziba to go to David. Then King David asked him, ‘Are you Ziba?’ Ziba replied, ‘Yes, I am your servant.’ v3 David said, ‘Is there anyone still alive in Saul’s family? I want to show him God’s kindness.’ Ziba replied, ‘Yes, one…

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David brings the ark of God to Jerusalem

Chapter 6 David brings the ark of God to Jerusalem v1 David again gathered all the men that he chose from *Israel. There were 30 000 men. v2 Then David and all his men went to the town called Baalah in *Judah. They went to bring back the *ark of God. The *ark has the name of the most powerful *Lord. The *Lord is present between the cherubim (*angels) on the top of the *ark. v3 They brought the *ark of God out from Abinadab’s house, which was on a…

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David becomes the king of Israel

Chapter 5 This chapter records three very important things that David did: (1)        He united the nation of *Israel. (2)       He made the city of Jerusalem his capital. (This city is still the most important city for the *Jewish people now, almost 3000 years later.) (3)        He defeated the *Philistines. They were never a big problem again for the *Israelites. The author of this book recorded these events. But he did not tell us when they happened. (Verses 1-10 See also 1 Chronicles 11:1-9. Verses 11-16 See also 1 Chronicles…

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The murder of Ish-Bosheth

Chapter 4 The murder of Ish-Bosheth v1 Ish-Bosheth was the son of Saul. He heard that Abner had died in Hebron. So, Ish-Bosheth became afraid. And all the people of *Israel were also worried. v2 Ish-Bosheth had two leaders in his army. The name of one man was Baanah, and the name of the other man was Recab. The name of their father was Rimmon. He came from the town of Beeroth. He was from the *tribe of Benjamin. (The town of Beeroth belonged to the *tribe of Benjamin. v3…

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David’s sons

Chapter 3 v1 So Saul’s family opposed David. Their armies continued to fight for a long time. David’s side became more powerful. But the people who supported Saul’s family became weaker and weaker. Joab and Abner stopped the battle in 2:26-27 but the war continued. The *tribe of *Judah was smaller than the rest of *Israel. But God had *anointed David as the next king of *Israel. So, God gave David and his army success. David’s sons v2-5 David had 6 sons while he was in Hebron. His oldest son…

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David, the Great King of Israel

About the book of 2 Samuel David, the Great King of Israel: The book of 2 Samuel records the life of David as king. There are several accounts of events in 2 Samuel that are also in 1 Chronicles. Some of the accounts are very similar. But some of the accounts are different. The authors wrote these accounts for different reasons. The author of 1 and 2 Samuel wrote about the main events in the lives of Samuel, Saul and David. The author wrote this to record the history of…

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David fights the Amalekites

Chapter 30 David fights the Amalekites v1 David and his men arrived at Ziklag three days later. The *Amalekites had attacked the southern part of the country of *Judah. They had also attacked Ziklag and burned it. v2 They took women and everyone else who was young and old. They took them away but did not kill anyone. v3 David and his men arrived at Ziklag. They saw that the *Amalekites had burnt the town. They saw that they had destroyed it. The *Amalekites had also taken the men’s wives,…

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Saul visits a medium at the town of Endor

Chapter 28 v1 Later, the *Philistines gathered their army to fight the *Israelites. Achish said to David, ‘You must realise that you and your men must join my army’. v2 David said, ‘Yes, I am your servant. You will see what I can do’. Achish replied, ‘Good. For the rest of your life you will protect me’. In those days, if people went to live in a different country, they had to fight in the army of that country. So David and his men had to join the *Philistine army.…

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David lives with the Philistines

Chapter 27 David lives with the Philistines v1 Then David thought, ‘I am sure that Saul will kill me one day. But I have a good idea. I will go to the country of the *Philistines and escape from Saul. He will stop searching for me in the country of *Israel. Then I will escape from Saul’. v2 So David and his 600 men left *Israel. They went to Achish, who was the son of Maoch. Achish was the king of the town of Gath. v3 David, his men, and…

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David again refuses to kill Saul

Chapter 26 David again refuses to kill Saul v1 Some men from Ziph went to visit Saul at Gibeah. They said, ‘David is hiding on the hill of Hakilah which is opposite Jeshimon’. v2 So Saul went to the desert of Ziph to search for David. Saul chose 3000 *Israelite men to go with him. v3 Saul and his men camped next to the road on the hill of Hakilah. This was opposite Jeshimon. But David stayed in the desert. Then David heard that Saul had followed him there. v4…

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David refuses to kill Saul

Chapter 24 David refuses to kill Saul v1 When Saul had finished fighting the *Philistines he returned home. Someone told him that David was in the desert at En Gedi. v2 So Saul chose 3000 of the best soldiers in *Israel. They went to look for David and his men near Wild Goat Rocks. v3 Saul came to the sheep pens that were close to the road. There was a cave near to these pens. Saul went into the cave to use the cave as a toilet. David and his…

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David at Adullam and Mizpah

Chapter 22 David at Adullam and Mizpah v1 David left Gath and went to a cave near Adullam. His brothers and his father’s family discovered where he had gone. So they all went to visit him. v2 Many people who had troubles went to David. People who had debts or who were not content also went to him. About 400 people went to David and he became their leader. v3 David then went to the town of Mizpah in the country of Moab. David said to the king of Moab,…

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David goes to the town of Nob

Chapter 21 David goes to the town of Nob v1 David went and visited Ahimelech the priest. He lived in the town of Nob. Ahimelech trembled when he went to meet David. Ahimelech asked David, ‘Why are you alone? Why did you come here by yourself?’ v2 David answered, ‘The king has given me a special job to do. He gave me these instructions, “Do not tell anyone where I have sent you. Do not tell them what I have told you to do”. And I have sent my men…

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Jonathan helps David

Chapter 20 Jonathan helps David v1 Then David ran away from Naioth at Ramah. He went to Jonathan and asked him, ‘What have I done? What is my crime? What have I done wrong to your father? Why is he trying to kill me?’ v2 Jonathan replied, ‘No. You will not die. My father tells me everything that he does, even the little things. So he would not hide this from me. This can not be true’. v3 But David answered, ‘Your father knows that you like me. He decided…

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Saul tries to kill David

Chapter 19 Saul tries to kill David v1 Saul told his son Jonathan and all his servants to kill David. Jonathan liked David very much. v2 So he warned David, ‘My father Saul is trying to kill you. Be careful tomorrow morning. Hide in a secret place and stay there. v3 I will go out and stand with my father in the field where you are hiding. I will talk to him about you. Then I will tell you what I find out’. v4 Jonathan spoke to his father Saul.…

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David and Goliath

Chapter 17 David and Goliath v1 The *Philistines gathered their army ready for a battle. They met at Sucoh in the land of *Judah. They camped in the area of Ephes Dammim that was between the towns of Sucoh and Azekah. v2 Saul and the *Israelites gathered in the Valley of Elah. They camped there and got ready to fight the *Philistines. v3 The *Philistines were on one side of the hill. The *Israelites were on the other side of the hill. The valley was between them. v4 The *Philistines…

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God refuses Saul as king

Chapter 15 God refuses Saul as king v1 Samuel said to Saul, ‘The *Lord sent me to *anoint you as king over his people, the *Israelites. Now listen to this message from the *Lord. v2 This is what the most powerful *Lord says. “The *Israelites came out of the country of Egypt and went to the country of Canaan. But the *Amalekites tried to stop them. So I will punish the *Amalekites. v3 Go and attack the *Amalekites. Completely destroy everything that lives. Do not save anything. Kill the men…

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A man from Levi’s tribe lived in the hills

Chapter 19 v1 At that time, Israel’s people had no king. A man from Levi’s tribe lived in the hills. These were where Ephraim’s *tribe was. The part where he lived was a long way from the main places. He took a *concubine from Bethlehem. This was in the area where Judah’s *tribe lived. v2 But she was not loyal to him. She left him. And she went back to her father’s house in Bethlehem-Judah. After she had been there for 4 months, v3 her husband went there. He went…

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Samson went to Timnah

Chapter 14 v1 Samson went to Timnah. There he saw a young woman, who was a *Philistine. v2 When he returned, he spoke to his father and mother. ‘I have seen a woman in Timnah. She is a *Philistine. Arrange for me to marry her.’ v3 His father and mother answered him. ‘Can you not find a suitable woman among your relatives? Or can you not find one among our own people? Must you go to marry a dirty *Philistine?’ But Samson said to his father, ‘Get her for me.…

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Again Israel’s people did not obey God

Chapter 6 The stories about Gideon and his son, Abimelech are the most important ones in the book. John J. Davies says, ‘Gideon is the ideal judge like Moses. His son is the very opposite.’ v1 Again Israel’s people did not obey God. For 7 years, he let people from Midian rule them. v2 The people from Midian were stronger than the *Israelites. The *Israelites hid in holes in the mountains. They hid in caves and other safe places. v3 They planted their seeds. Then people from Midian, Amalek’s people…

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Perhaps two men have an argument and they go to court

Chapter 25 v1 Perhaps two men have an argument and they go to court. The judges declare that one man is innocent. Then he declares that the other man is guilty. v2 If the guilty man deserves punishment, the judge will make him lie down. Then someone will whip him in front of the judge. The number of strokes will depend on the crime that he has done. v3 He must not receive more than 40 strokes. If he received more, that would cause him great shame.’ *Justice was very important.…

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God sends fire

Chapter 11 God sends fire – Numbers 11:1-3 v1 The people started to complain about their problems. The *LORD heard them. He became very angry. He sent fire. The fire burned among them and it destroyed the edges of the camp. v2 The people cried out to Moses for help. He prayed to the *LORD and the fire stopped. v3 So they called that place ‘Taberah’ (‘Taberah’ means ‘it is burning’). They gave it that name because the *LORD had sent fire to their camp. Verses 1-3 This passage records…

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