Manasseh’s rule as king of Judah

Chapter 21 Manasseh’s rule as king of Judah v1 Manasseh was 12 years old when he became king. He ruled in Jerusalem for 55 years. His mother’s name was Hephzibah. v2 Manasseh *sinned against the *Lord. The *Lord had forced some nations out of his country when the *Israelites originally came there. Manasseh imitated the acts that those nations did. They were acts that cause disgust. v3 Manasseh’s father Hezekiah had destroyed the places where people *worshipped on the hills. But Manasseh built them again. He set up *altars to…

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Joash repairs the Lord’s temple

Chapter 12 Joash repairs the Lord’s temple v1 Joash became the king in the 7th year of Jehu’s rule. (Jehu was the king of *Israel.) Joash ruled in Jerusalem for 40 years. His mother’s name was Zibiah. She was from Beersheba. v2 Joash pleased the *Lord while Jehoiada the priest taught him. v3 However, Joash did not remove the places where people *worshipped on the hills. People continued to offer *sacrifices there and they continued to burn *incense there. Joash ruled for 40 years. Many people think that he ruled…

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Athaliah’s rule as queen of Judah

Chapter 11 Athaliah’s rule as queen of Judah v1 King Ahaziah’s mother Athaliah heard about the death of her son. So she ordered people to kill all the royal family. v2 But Jehosheba, who was King Jehoram’s daughter and Ahaziah’s sister, rescued Joash the son of Ahaziah. She took him away from among the royal princes before Athaliah murdered them. Jehosheba hid Joash and his nurse in a bedroom, away from Athaliah. So nobody killed him. v3For 6 years Jehosheba hid him and his nurse in the *Lord’s *temple. Meanwhile…

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The deaths of 70 descendants of Ahab

Chapter 10 The deaths of 70 descendants of Ahab v1 There were 70 *descendants of Ahab’s family who lived in Samaria. Jehu wrote letters and he sent them to Samaria. Jehu sent the letters to the rulers of Jezreel. He also sent them to the leaders. And he sent them to those people who looked after Ahab’s *descendants. This is what Jehu wrote. v2 ‘You look after the king’s *descendants. You have *chariots, horses, and weapons (military arms). And you have a strong city. So, when you receive this letter,…

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Elisha appoints Jehu as king of Israel

Chapter 9 Elisha appoints Jehu as king of Israel v1 Elisha called a man from the group of the *prophets. He said this to the man. ‘Get ready and go at once to Ramoth Gilead. Take this jar of *olive oil with you. v2 When you get there, look for Jehu. He is the son of Jehoshaphat, who is Nimshi’s son. Take Jehu to a private room away from his companions. v3 Then pour the *olive oil on his head and declare this: “The *Lord says that he *anoints you…

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Elisha provides oil for a widow

Chapter 4 Elisha provides oil for a widow v1 A man’s widow went to speak to Elisha. The man had been a member of a group of *prophets. The widow cried out, ‘My husband, who was your servant, has died. As you know, he gave honour to the *Lord. Now a man to whom he owed money has come. That man wants to take my two boys as his slaves.’ v2 Elisha replied, ‘How can I help you? What have you got at home?’ ‘I have nothing except a small…

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The war against Moab

Chapter 3 The war against Moab v1 Ahab’s son Joram became the king of *Israel in Samaria. That happened in the 18th year when King Jehoshaphat was ruling over *Judah. Joram ruled for 12 years. v2 He *sinned against the *Lord. However, he was not as bad as his father or his mother. Joram’s father had made an image that was like *Baal. Joram removed that image. v3 But he *sinned like Nebat’s son Jeroboam, who led *Israel into *sin. Joram did not stop that *sin. Joram was a bad…

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The Last Kings of Israel and Judah

About the Books of 1 Kings and 2 Kings The Last Kings of Israel and Judah: The Books of 1 Kings and 2 Kings used to be one book. That book continued the account of the events that happened to *Israel. The events happened after those in the Books of 1 Samuel and 2 Samuel. Some people translated 1 Kings and 2 Kings into Greek (the language that people spoke in Greece). They divided it into two books. They probably did that so that the text would fit into the…

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The prophet Micaiah

Chapter 22 The prophet Micaiah v1 There was peace between Syria and *Israel for almost three years. v2 In the third year Jehoshaphat, king of *Judah went down to see the king of *Israel. v3 The king of *Israel said to his officials, ‘I do not know why we have not done anything to get back Ramoth-Gilead from the king of Syria. It belongs to us!’ v4 So he asked Jehoshaphat if he would go to attack Ramoth-Gilead with him. Jehoshaphat said that he, his army and his horses were…

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Queen Jezebel steals Naboth’s field

Chapter 21 Queen Jezebel steals Naboth’s field v1 King Ahab of Samaria had a palace in Jezreel. Near the palace, there was a field. Naboth who lived at Jezreel owned it. He used it to produce *grapes. v2 One day Ahab spoke to Naboth. ‘Give me your field. It is close to my palace. I want to use the land for a vegetable garden. I will give you a better one instead of it. Or, if you prefer, I will pay you its value.’ v3 But Naboth replied, ‘The *Lord…

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God allows Ahab’s army to defeat the army from Syria

Chapter 20 God allows Ahab’s army to defeat the army from Syria v1 Benhadad, king of Syria gathered his whole army. Then 32 other kings with their horses and *chariots joined him. They attacked Samaria and they surrounded it. Nobody could enter or leave. v2 He sent people with messages into the city to Ahab king of *Israel. This is what they said. ‘Benhadad says this. v3 “I want to have all your silver and gold. I want to have the best of your wives and children.” ’ v4 This…

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God sends Elijah to King Ahab

Chapter 18 God sends Elijah to King Ahab v1 After there had been no rain for three years, the *Lord spoke to Elijah. ‘Go and meet King Ahab. Then I will send rain.’ v2 So Elijah went to meet Ahab. Now there was a very great lack of food in Samaria. v3 Ahab called in Obadiah who was in control of the palace. [Obadiah was a loyal *worshipper of the *Lord. v4 While Jezebel was killing the *Lord’s *prophets, Obadiah took 100 of them. He hid them in two caves,…

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Elijah the prophet

Chapter 17 Elijah the prophet v1 Now Elijah from Tishbe in Gilead spoke to Ahab. ‘I promise this in the name of the *Lord because he is definitely alive. He is the God of *Israel and I am his servant. There will be no *dew or rain in the next few years until I say so.’ v2 Then the *Lord said to Elijah, v3 ‘Leave this place and go east. Hide near the stream called Cherith, east of the river Jordan. v4 You will drink water from the stream. I…

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Abijam’s rule as king of Judah

Chapter 15 Abijam’s rule as king of Judah v1 It was the 18th year of the rule of Jeroboam son of Nebat. At this time, Abijam became king of *Judah. v2 He ruled for three years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Maacah the daughter of Absalom. v3 He *sinned in the same way as his father had done before him. He was not completely loyal to the *Lord his God as David his *ancestor had been. v4 But because of David, the *Lord his God gave David a *descendant…

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God’s lessons from history

About the Books of 1 Kings and 2 Kings Author God’s lessons from history: We do not know who wrote the books. Some people say that Jeremiah did. He lived just before Jerusalem’s enemies overcame the city. 2 Kings 24:18-25:30 is the same as Jeremiah chapter 52. There is nothing about Jeremiah in the books of 1 Kings and 2 Kings. However, Jeremiah went to Egypt. 2 Kings ends with the events in Babylon. An unknown *prophet in Babylon probably wrote both 1 Kings and 2 Kings. The writer or…

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David fights the Amalekites

Chapter 30 David fights the Amalekites v1 David and his men arrived at Ziklag three days later. The *Amalekites had attacked the southern part of the country of *Judah. They had also attacked Ziklag and burned it. v2 They took women and everyone else who was young and old. They took them away but did not kill anyone. v3 David and his men arrived at Ziklag. They saw that the *Amalekites had burnt the town. They saw that they had destroyed it. The *Amalekites had also taken the men’s wives,…

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Saul visits a medium at the town of Endor

Chapter 28 v1 Later, the *Philistines gathered their army to fight the *Israelites. Achish said to David, ‘You must realise that you and your men must join my army’. v2 David said, ‘Yes, I am your servant. You will see what I can do’. Achish replied, ‘Good. For the rest of your life you will protect me’. In those days, if people went to live in a different country, they had to fight in the army of that country. So David and his men had to join the *Philistine army.…

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David again refuses to kill Saul

Chapter 26 David again refuses to kill Saul v1 Some men from Ziph went to visit Saul at Gibeah. They said, ‘David is hiding on the hill of Hakilah which is opposite Jeshimon’. v2 So Saul went to the desert of Ziph to search for David. Saul chose 3000 *Israelite men to go with him. v3 Saul and his men camped next to the road on the hill of Hakilah. This was opposite Jeshimon. But David stayed in the desert. Then David heard that Saul had followed him there. v4…

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David goes to the town of Nob

Chapter 21 David goes to the town of Nob v1 David went and visited Ahimelech the priest. He lived in the town of Nob. Ahimelech trembled when he went to meet David. Ahimelech asked David, ‘Why are you alone? Why did you come here by yourself?’ v2 David answered, ‘The king has given me a special job to do. He gave me these instructions, “Do not tell anyone where I have sent you. Do not tell them what I have told you to do”. And I have sent my men…

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The birth of children to a woman

Chapter 12 The birth of children to a woman v1 The *LORD said (this) to Moses. v2 ‘Tell (this) to the *Israelites. A woman may become *pregnant and then give birth to a son. She will be *unclean for 7 days. This will be as it is during her monthly *period. v3 On the 8th day, they must *circumcise the boy. v4 Then the woman must wait 33 days to become *clean after she bled. She must not touch anything that is sacred. She must not go to the *LORD’s house…

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Hebrew slaves

Chapter 21 Hebrew slaves – verses 1-11 v1 The *LORD continued to speak to Moses. ‘You must explain these laws to the *Israelites.’ v2 ‘If you buy a *Hebrew slave, he must serve you for 6 years. But in year 7 you must free him. He does not have to pay anything to you. v3 Perhaps he did not have a wife when he came to you. Then he should go alone. But if he did have a wife, then she must go with him. v4 Perhaps the slave’s master…

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