Moses puts God’s special tent into its place and the Israelites give it to God

Chapter 40 Moses puts God’s special tent into its place and the Israelites give it to God – verses 1-38 God gave instructions about how to place the special tent – verses 1-15 v1 Then the *LORD spoke to Moses again. v2 ‘Put the special tent into its place. Do it on the first day of the year. The tent is the place where I will meet you. v3 Place the special box in the tent because it *represents my special promise to you. Place the box behind the special…

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The priests’ clothes

Chapter 39 The priests’ clothes – verses 1-31 (Compare Exodus 28:2-28) Most of the information about the priests’ clothes is the same as in Exodus 28:2-43. But this chapter (Exodus chapter 39) emphasises that the skilful workers made everything. And they did it exactly as God had ordered. The words: ‘as the *LORD had ordered Moses’ appear 7 times in this chapter. This chapter includes a few extra details than in Exodus chapter 28. But it leaves out other details. Bezalel and his workers make the clothes v1 Bezalel and…

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The special altar where the priests gave the animals to the LORD

Chapter 38 The special altar where the priests gave the animals to the LORD – verses 1-7 (Compare Exodus 27:1-8) v1 Bezalel built the special *altar out of *acacia wood. The priests burnt the animals that the *Israelites gave to God on this *altar. It was about 51 inches (130 centimetres) high. The top was square. It was 7 feet (2.25 metres) long and 7 feet (2.25 metres) wide. v2 He made *horns on it at each of the 4 corners. The *horns and the *altar were all one piece…

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Bezalel makes the equipment for God’s special tent

Chapter 37 Exodus 25:10 – 31:38 described how God gave his instructions to Moses. But they did the work in a different order. God began with the special box. This box *represented the special promise. God talked about the special box first because it was the most important object. Exodus 36:8-38 describes the special tent (*Tabernacle) before it describes its contents. Now Exodus 37:1 – 38:20 describes the contents. Bezalel makes the equipment for God’s special tent The special box – verses 1-9 (Compare Exodus 25:17-22) v1 Bezalel made the…

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The people give much more than Bezalel and Oholiab need for the work

Chapter 36 The people give much more than Bezalel and Oholiab need for the work– verses 1-7 v1 ‘Bezalel and Oholiab must do the work exactly as the *LORD has ordered. And every worker to whom the *LORD has given skill, should help them. They will know how to carry out all this special work. They will construct the special place where we will *worship the *LORD.’ v2 Then Moses asked Bezalel and Oholiab to come to him. He asked every person with skill to come with them. The *LORD…

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The Sabbath law

Chapter 35 Chapters 35-39 show how Moses obeyed God’s instructions. We can read those instructions in chapters 25-31. The words, ‘As the *LORD had ordered Moses’ appears 7 times in chapter 39. So we know that Moses obeyed carefully all God’s orders. There are some important differences between chapters 35-39 the earlier chapters. So there will be an explanation under the chapter headings. The Sabbath law – verses 1-3 (Compare Exodus 20:8-11; 23:10-13; 31:12-17) v1 Moses called together all the *Israelites and he spoke to them. ‘The *LORD has ordered…

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The new flat stones with God’s commandments on them

Chapter 34 The new flat stones with God’s commandments on them – verses 1-9 v1 Again the *LORD spoke to Moses. ‘Cut two flat stones like the first ones that I gave to you. You broke the first flat stones. But I will write the same words on these new stones. I will write the same words that were on the first flat stones. v2 Be ready tomorrow morning. Then come up *Mount Sinai. Show yourself to me on the top of the mountain. v3 I will not permit anyone…

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The Israelites realise their sin

Chapter 33 The Israelites realise their sin – verses 1-6 v1 Then the *LORD continued to speak to Moses. ‘You and the people whom you brought away from Egypt must leave this place. Go to the country that I promised to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob a long time ago. I made a definite promise to them that I would give the country to their children’s families. v2 I will send an *angel in front of you. And I will force out the people who live there now. Those people are…

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The young bull that the Israelites worshipped

Chapter 32 The young bull that the Israelites worshipped – verses 1-35 Aaron makes a young *bull out of gold – verses 1-6 v1 The people saw that Moses stayed on the mountain for a long time. So they gathered round Aaron. ‘You must make a god for us and he will lead us. Then he will protect us’, they said to Aaron. ‘This man called Moses led us here from Egypt. But we do not know what has happened to him now.’ v2 Then Aaron answered them. ‘Take off…

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Bezalel and Oholiab and their assistants

Chapter 31 Bezalel and Oholiab and their assistants – verses 1-11 v1 Then the *LORD spoke to Moses again. v2 ‘Notice this. I have chosen Bezalel, who is Uri’s son. Uri is Hur’s son, and they all belong to Judah’s family. v3 I have filled Bezalel with my *Holy Spirit. And I have given to him skill and knowledge so that he can create things. He can do all kinds of beautiful work. v4 He can make beautiful designs for gold, silver and *bronze. v5 He can cut precious stones…

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The altar where the priests burnt powder that has a sweet smell

Chapter 30 The altar where the priests burnt powder that has a sweet smell – verses 1-10 1. How to make the *altar – verses 1-6 v1 The *LORD continued to speak. ‘Make an *altar. On this *altar the priests will burn powder that has a sweet smell. Make this *altar out of *acacia wood. v2 And make it 18 inches (45 centimetres) long, 18 inches (45 centimetres wide), and 3 feet (90 centimetres) high. Make *horns that stick out from each of its 4 corners. v3 Cover the top…

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The priests’ preparation

Chapter 29 The priests’ preparation – verses 1-37 This preparation was very important. So it lasted for 7 days, which is a complete week. Only a priest brought special gifts to God. And God gave them that job. They had to *represent the people in front of him. There were 6 parts to their preparation for the job. 1. The priests must wash and prepare – verses 1-9 v1 The *LORD continued to speak. ‘I have chosen these men to serve me as priests. This is how you must separate…

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Clothes for the priests

Chapter 28 Clothes for the priests – verses 1-43 Introduction – verses 1-5 v1 The *LORD continued to speak to Moses. ‘Tell your brother, Aaron, to come to you with his sons. Their names are Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. I have chosen their family to serve me as priests. v2 Make special clothes for your brother, Aaron, and for his sons. Then people will respect him and they will give honour to him. v3 I have given special skill to particular workers so that they can do all…

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The altar where the priests burnt the animals that the Israelites gave to God

Chapter 27 The altar where the priests burnt the animals that the Israelites gave to God – verses 1-8 v1 The *LORD continued to speak. ‘Build a special *altar out of *acacia wood. Make it about 51 inches (130 centimetres) high. It should be square, about 7 feet (2.25 metres) long and 7 feet (2.25 metres) wide. v2 Make the wood stick out like a *horn at each of the upper 4 corners. These 4 *horns must be part of the *altar itself. Cover the table with *bronze. v3 Also,…

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God’s special tent, the Tabernacle

Chapter 26 God’s special tent, the Tabernacle – verses 1-37 The curtains – verses 1-14 v1 The *LORD continued to speak to Moses. ‘Make 10 curtains for my special tent. Make them out of *linen of good quality. Sew them with blue, purple and bright red wool. Let a skilful worker sew a design into them that shows *heavenly figures. v2 Make all the curtains the same size. The curtains should be 39 feet (12 metres) long and 6½ feet (2 metres) wide. v3 Join 5 curtains together to make…

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The special box

Chapter 25 Chapters 25:1 – 31:17 contain details about how the *Israelites *worshipped God. These chapters describe God’s special tent (also called the *Tabernacle) with all its equipment. Also they describe the priests and their duties. Introduction – verses 1-9 v1 Then the *LORD spoke to Moses. v2 ‘Tell the *Israelites to bring presents to me. You must receive the presents for me. Everyone should give to me when he desires to give. v3 These are the presents that I want to receive: gold, silver and *bronze. v4 Also the…

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God’s special promise

Chapter 24 God’s special promise 1-18 v1 Then God spoke to Moses again. ‘Come up the mountain to me, the *LORD. Bring Aaron and his sons, Nadab and Abihu, with you. And bring 70 other leaders from the *Israelites. They must *worship me from a distance. v2 But, Moses, you must approach me alone, because I am the *LORD. The other men must not come near to me. And the rest of the people cannot come up the mountain with them.’ v3 Moses went and told all the *LORD’s instructions…

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Laws about how to be fair and how to be kind

Chapter 23 Laws about how to be fair and how to be kind – verses 1-9 v1 The *LORD continued to speak. ‘Do not spread false reports. Do not tell lies in order to help a wicked man in court.’ v2 ‘Do not imitate the crowd when they do wrong things. Be honest when you are a witness in court. You must say only what is true. You must say only what is right. Do not change it to what is wrong. The court must be fair. v3 And do…

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Laws about property

Chapter 22 Laws about property – verses 1-15 v1 The *LORD continued to speak to Moses. ‘Perhaps someone stole a cow or a sheep. Then the thief kills the animal. Or perhaps he sells it. Then he must pay back 5 cows if he stole 1 cow. And he must pay back 4 sheep if he stole 1 sheep.’ v2 ‘Suppose that someone catches a thief. The thief was breaking into his house and the owner hits him. But he hits the thief so hard that the thief dies. If…

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Hebrew slaves

Chapter 21 Hebrew slaves – verses 1-11 v1 The *LORD continued to speak to Moses. ‘You must explain these laws to the *Israelites.’ v2 ‘If you buy a *Hebrew slave, he must serve you for 6 years. But in year 7 you must free him. He does not have to pay anything to you. v3 Perhaps he did not have a wife when he came to you. Then he should go alone. But if he did have a wife, then she must go with him. v4 Perhaps the slave’s master…

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God’s ten commandments

Chapter 20 God’s ten commandments – verses 1-17 v1 God spoke all these words: v2 ‘I am the *LORD your God. I brought you out of Egypt where you were slaves.           v3 You shall have no other god except me.           v4 Do not make images like anything in heaven. Do not make images like anything on the earth, or anything beneath the water. v5 Do not respect such images. Do not *worship them. I am the *LORD your God. I am a jealous God. I want you to…

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At Mount Sinai

About the Book of Exodus Exodus is one of the first 5 books of the *Old Testament. We speak about these 5 books together as ‘the Pentateuch’. The *Greek translation gave this book its name ‘Exodus’. It means ‘to go out’. God helped the *Israelites ‘to go out’ from *Egypt. The book is in two parts: Chapters 1-18: the first part of Moses’ life; the *Israelites’ troubles in Egypt; the events and the *plagues that led the *Israelites to leave Egypt. Chapters 19-40: how God gave the Law to Moses;…

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Jethro’s visit

Chapter 18 Jethro’s visit – verses 1-12 v1 Jethro was the father of Moses’ wife, and he was the priest in the country called Midian. He heard about everything that God had done for Moses and for his people. Jethro heard how the *LORD had brought the *Israelites away from Egypt. v2 Moses had sent his wife, Zipporah, and her two sons to stay with her father. And Jethro was very glad to receive her v3 and her two sons. ‘I have become a stranger in a foreign country’, Moses…

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Water at Horeb

Chapter 17 Water at Horeb – verses 1-7 v1 All the *Israelites left the *desert called Sin. They travelled from one place to another place. When the *LORD ordered them, then they moved. One day they camped at the place called Rephidim. But there was no water for the people to drink at Rephidim. v2 So they quarrelled with Moses. ‘Give to us water to drink!’ they demanded. ‘You should not quarrel with me’, Moses said to them. ‘You are testing the *LORD when you demand this!’ v3 But the…

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Food from heaven

Chapter 16 Food from heaven – verses 1-36 God promises food – verses 1-12 v1 The *Israelites left Elim. It was the second month after they escaped from Egypt. They left on day 15. And they came to the *desert called Sin. This *desert is between Elim and *Mount Sinai. v2 In the *desert all the people complained against Moses and Aaron. v3 ‘If only the *LORD had killed us in Egypt!’ the people said. ‘There we sat round pots that were full of meat. And we ate all the…

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Moses and Miriam sing a song

Chapter 15 Moses and Miriam sing a song – verses 1-18 v1 Then Moses and the *Israelites sang this song to the *LORD. They sang because he had defeated their enemy in a wonderful way.   I will *praise the *LORD as I sing. I will *praise him because he is great! The horses and their riders,           he threw them into the sea. v2 The *LORD is my strength. He is the reason for my song. He has saved me! He is my God and I will *praise him.…

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The Israelites cross the Red Sea

Chapter 14 The Israelites cross the Red Sea – verses 1-31 *Pharaoh pursues the *Israelites – verses 1-9 v1 Then the *LORD spoke to Moses. v2 ‘Tell the *Israelites to turn back. Tell them to make their camp near Pi Hahiroth, between the place called Migdol and the sea. They must camp by the sea, opposite the place called Baal Zephon. v3 *Pharaoh will hear about it. He will think, “The *Israelites are wandering round. They are not sure which way they should go. The *desert is all round them…

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The Israelites’ oldest sons belong to God

Chapter 13 The Israelites’ oldest sons belong to God – verses 1-16 The time to eat bread that they made without *yeast – verses 1-10 v1 The *LORD spoke to Moses. v2 ‘You must give to me the first son who is born in every family. The first son of every *Israelite mother belongs to me. Also the first animal that is born to its mother belongs to me.’ v3 So Moses spoke to the people. ‘Remember this day. It is the day when you came away from Egypt. You…

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Preparations for the special meal

Chapter 12 The Passover – verses 1-28 Preparations for the special meal – verses 1-13 v1 The *LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron in Egypt. v2 ‘This month will be the first month for you’, he said to them. ‘It will be the first month of your year. v3 Speak to all the *Israelites. Tell them that on day 10 of this month each man must choose a young male sheep or goat. He must choose it for his family to eat. Choose one animal for each home. v4 Perhaps…

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Plague number 10: The oldest son in each Egyptian family dies

Chapter 11 Plague number 10: The oldest son in each Egyptian family dies – 11:1-8; 12:1-13 and 12:29-30 The *LORD announces the *plague on the oldest sons of the *Egyptians – verses 1-10 v1 The *LORD told Moses. ‘I will bring one more *plague on *Pharaoh and on Egypt. After that, he will let you and your people go away from here. And he will force you away completely. v2 Tell all the *Israelite men and women to ask their *Egyptian neighbours for silver and gold objects.’ v3 Then the…

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